A Cord Blood Bank can be a private and public institution that stores umbilical cord blood. These cord blood banks came to existence in mid 1990's as direct result of succesful treatment of blood diseases and immune system disorders. Umbilical cord blood used to be perceived as a waste. With growing knowledge and research it became precious source of stem cells. Public cord blood banks will accept all types of donations and they will be there for public use. Although it seems very simple there are sets of very strict regulations that public cord blood banks has to follow. First step is that all donated cord blood units have to be correctly added to registry. Expecting mother has to contact selected cord blood bank before she reaches the 34th week of pregnancy. National Marrow Donor Program is a great resource of listed cord blood banks. It is important to know that once it is donated cord blood will lose all identifying information due to the testing procedures it has to undergo so donating family will be not able to use it later for their own use. Medical community is not supportive of private cord blood banks in general. Only exception they generally recognize is family history of genetic diseases. One has to contact their own doctor to define the situation and needs. Public and private cord blood banks will offer free donation programs to store the cord blood of babies from families that have a condition which requires stem cells treatment.

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